Windows have evolved dramatically throughout history. Ancient windows were literally holes cut into the walls of buildings, whereas now they can be fitted with high-performance glass to help regulate the temperature inside your home! Read on as we walk through the history of windows.
Byzantine churches often feature glazed windows. Pierced marble frames enclosed their panes of glass. Islamic mosques adopted this Byzantine technique.
In the 12th and 13th Centuries, Europe introduced the stained-glass technique. Detailed pictorial designs adorned the windows of Gothic cathedrals. These influenced today’s picture windows.
Late Middle Ages
In later medieval Europe, glazed windows became more common in civil buildings. At first, sashes were set only in the upper half of the window, with the lower half still closed with shutters.
By the 15th century, casements were replacing solid shutters. Rectangular openings became standard in all buildings.
During the High Renaissance in Europe, window openings conformed to classical proportions. They were often divided by a single mullion and a single transom forming a cross.
In the 17th century, England produced the double-hung and the vertical sliding windows. They became standard in that country and in the United States during the 18th and 19th Centuries.
Modern architecture made more use of metal frames and ever greater areas of glass. Windows can now span entire walls. Skyscrapers have been often covered completely in glass. At first, these window siding were only “curtain walls” or non-openable windows. Energy-saving requirements allowed for the use of openable sections of these glass walls. Modern windows have double- or triple-glazed thick glass.
Renewal by Andersen® offers windows with a wide range of designs. You can get in touch with us at (859) 629-4649. We serve homeowners in Lexington, KY, and nearby areas.